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Ukraine

Participants

National Kharkov Intitute of Physics and Technologies

Sevastopol National University of Nuclear Energy and Industry

Kiev Institute for Nuclear Research (site)


The Programme aims to resolve the problem of how to create new jobs and is very appropriate and timely (Vladimir Trishin, Head of Department for Ecological Problems of Nuclear Energy, Kiev), 2012

We started to speak the same language (Vladimir Chizhov, Deputy Director for Economics, National Science Center Kharkov Institute of Physics and Technology), 2012

A positive surge of energy (Interview with Ivan Neklyudov, the General Director of the KIPT), 2009


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Ukraine is a country in the Eastern Europe. It boarders with 7 countries: on the East and East-North with Russia, on the North with Belarus, on the West with Poland, Slovakia and Hungary, and on the South-West with Rumania and Moldova. Ukraine is the second large country in Europe - the total area is 603 628 square kilometers. Ukraine stretches over 1316 km. from the West to the East and for 893 km. for the North to the South. It is washed by the Black see and Azovsky see on the South.

Ukraine is the fifth country in Europe in terms of the number of population (after Germany, Great Britain, Italy and France). The number of population is about 46, 3 mln. people.

Kiev is the capital of Ukraine (since 1934). It is located at the river Dnepr and is the biggest city in the country. Kiev was founded in the V-th century as the centre of the tribe of polyan. In Russian chronicles the city has been mentioned since 860. Its name is connected with the name of Kiy legendary founder of the city. Its population is about 2,7 mln. inhabitants.

Kiev is a centre of engineering, including machine building, transport machine building and precise tools building). There are also enterprises of electro technical, radio electronic, light (silk, knitting, clothing and shoe industries), chemical, printing and food industries in the city. There are also 18 higher education institutions, Academy of sciences of Ukraine, 15 theatres and about 30 museums in Kiev.

Main State Research Centre - National Academy of Sciences (named so since 1919). It involves 170 scientific institutions (from which 5 are international), experimental-production base, 6 scientific centres. Large scientific and educational centres subordinated to the Academy are located in Kiev, Kharkov, Odessa, Lvov, Dnepropetrovsk and Chernovtsy. National Univesity, Kiev-Mogilyanskaya Academy and Kiev National University named after Taras Shevchenko are situated in Kiev. The University named after Shevchenko includes 16 faculties which cover about 20 000 students 2000 tutors.

One of the oldest (1928) and biggest centres of physical science in Ukraine is National Kharkov Intitute of Physics and Technologies. Main research areas of the NNC KIPT are:

  • Physics of solid body. Physics of radiation effects and radiation material science. Materials technologies.
  • Physics of plasma and controlled thermonuclear fusion.
  • Nuclear physics, physics of electromagnetic interactions, physics and technology of electron accelerators.
  • Plasma electronics and physics of high-current beams. Physics and technologies of heavy particles accelerators. New methods of acceleration.
  • Theoretical physics.
  • Big centre dealing with the issues of nuclear physics is Institute of Nuclear Research of the National Academy of Sciences established in 1970. Main directions of scientific activity are: fundamental and applied research in the field of nuclear science and technologies, radiation physics of solid body, physics of plasma, science-technical ensurance of safety exploitation of NPP, radioisotopes production; development of detectors for radiation control, research of biological influence of ionizing radiation and training of staff for work at nuclear power plants. Basic experimental facilities - isochronous cyclotron У-240, electrostatic tandem accelerator EGP-10K, cyclotron У-120 and research nuclear reactor WWR-М.

    Sevastopol national University of Nuclear Energy and Industry (SNUNEI) was established in 1996 on the basis of the faculty of NPP of Sevastopol Military-Navy Institute. Main activity is focused on providing safety of NPP operation, study of characteristics of reactor core and application of radiation technologies. In addition to nuclear energy the Institute deals with biological opening of casing of ammunition, biodegradation of explosive substances, creation of mobile systems for utilization of explosive objects and land reclamation.

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