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Kazakhstan

Participants

National Nuclear Centre of the Republic of Kazakhstan (NNC RK)

Institute of Nuclear Physics of the NNC RK (INP NNC RK)

Institute of Atomic Energy (IAE)

Institute of Radiation Safety and Ecology (IRSE)

Park of Nuclear Technologies (site)

The Programme helped right from "Let’s get on with it"; in that sense it even forced the pace (Sergei Lukashenko, Deputy General Director, National Nuclear Centre), 2012
Give him a fishing rod and teach him how to fish and he'll never go hungry (Erlan Batyrbekov, First Deputy Director General, National Nuclear Centre), 2012
Interview with Adil Tuleushev, Director of the INP, 2008


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Kazakhstan is located at the junction of Europe and Asia. Geographical centre of European-Asian subcontinent is in the epicentre of the former Semipalatinsk nuclear polygon. Kazakhstan covers the territory of 2724,9 square kilometers. The territory stretches from the West to the East for 3000 km. and from the South to the North for 1700 km. On the East, North and North-West Kazakhstan borders with Russia and on the South - with Uzbekistan, Kirgizstan and Turkmenistan; on the South-East it borders with China. Kazakhstan is one of ten countries in the world that have the biggest territory. The number of population is about 15,6 mln. people.

Kazakhstan is rich in deposits of ores of different metals: lead, zinc, chromium, gold, bismuth, copper, molybdenum, aluminum, iron, manganese of rare earth elements non metal minerals (coal, phosphorites etc.). Explored reserves of uranium deposits of Kazakhstan amount to 1,69 mln. tons, that makes up 21 % of world reserves.

Astana (Akmolinsk, Tselinograd, Akmola) - this city has been the capital of the republic of Kazakhstan since 1997. Its population amounts to some of 700 000 people (in terms of population it's the second large city in Kazakhstan after Almaty the former capital of Kzakhstan). The city is located in the central part of the country on the North of ancient river Saryarki on the right high bank of the river Esil'.

Astana is a big economic centre of Kazakhstan. The city is famous for agricultural machine building industry, food industry, processing of agricultural materials and transport. The largest manufacturing plant for agricultural machines is also located in Astana. Centres for training of highly qualified specialists are: Eurasian University named after L. Gumilev , Agricultural University named after S. Seifullin, Medical Academy, Kazakh National Academy of Music and Kazakhstan Subsidiary of Moscow State University. There are also 18 non public educational institutions.

The Ministry of Science and Education of Kazakhstan involves 55 scientific organisations. They employ more than 5 000 people of whom there are more than 2,3 thousand researchers including 450 doctors of sciences and about 1000 scientists with PhD.

On 15 May 1992 National Nuclear Centre of the Republic of Kazakhstan (NNC RK) was established on the base of military-industrial complex of the former Semipalatinsk polygon. The Centre involves such organisations as Institute of Nuclear Physics, Institute of Atomic Energy, Institute of Geophysical Research, Institute of Radiation Safety and Ecology (the city of Kurchatov), enterprise "Baikal" and Kazakhstan State Science-production Centre for explosive works. Main areas of activity of NNC cover: liquidation of consequences after nuclear weapons tests on the territory of Kazakhstan; creation of science-technological and staff base for the development of atomic energy in Kazakhstan; diversification of the former military-industrial complex of Semipalatinsk nuclear tests polygon and application of its scientific technical potential and control of nuclear weapons tests on other operating polygons of the world.

Institute of Nuclear Physics of the National Nuclear Centre of the Republic of Kazakhstan (INP NNC RK) - is the largest Institute dealing with the problems of nuclear physics. Main areas of research are: fundamental and applied nuclear physics, physics of solid body, radioecology, safety of atomic energy and physics of nuclear reactors, and development and application of nuclear technologies. Main test facilities are isochronous cyclotron У-150, small cyclotron, electric rechargeable accelerator UKP-2-1, electrons accelerator ILV-4, research nuclear reactor атомный реактор WWR-K.

In 1990 on the basis of INP of NNC RK Intitute of Physics and Technology was established. It covers the following scientific areas: physics of solid body and material science, spectroscopy methods for research and application, research in the area of physics and chemistry of thin films for the development of production of various devices, physics of high energies and cosmic rays and information technologies.

Institute of Atomic Energy of NNC RK. It was set up in 1992 on the basis of Joint Mission of Science-production association "Luch" Ministry of Atomic Energy of the RF. Main areas of activity are: research and design works to support the Programme on the development of atomic energy in the republic of Kazakhstan, fulfillment of feasibility study for construction of nuclear power plants in specific regions, safety of nuclear and thermonuclear energy, space nuclear energy systems, radiation physics of solid body and reactor material science.

Institute of Radiation Safety and Ecology. It was established in 1993 on the basis of research subdivisions of a military quarter 52605 and radio ecological subdivisions of the NNC RK. Main directions of activity - radio ecology and radiation monitoring of Kazakhstan regions where nuclear tests were carried out or which have radiation hazardous facilities, rehabilitation of radiation contaminated territories, medical and biological aspects of radiation influence on environment.

One of the specialized organizations in the Republic of Kazakhstan who deal with the management of nuclear materials, radioactive wastes and ionizing radiation sources is "Katep" Ltd. "Katep" Ltd. carries out works on decommissioning of nuclear reactor in the city of Aktay and conservation of spent nuclear fuel as well as activity on liquidation, closing down and reclamation of uranium pits, their tailing pits. They also collect and store spent ionizing radiation sources and supply, assemble and commission systems and devices with new ionizing sources.

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